Infectious cystitis: what is it?

It is caused by infection of the urine in the bladder with inflammation of the bladder lining without parenchymal involvement.

Here are the main functions of the different parts of the urinary system:

It most often affects women due to the anatomical shortness of the female urethra.

It is most often benign.

We speak of recurrent cystitis when there are more than four episodes per year.

Germs involved:

The most frequently implicated germs are: Escherichia coli, Proteus, Klebsiella, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus.

Mechanism of contamination:

This is an ascending infection: Migration of digestive germs from the perineum to the bladder through the meatus and urethra.


Typically cystitis is manifested by pollakiuria, urination burns and urge urination ..

Sometimes we can find hypogastric pain, cloudy and smelly urine as well than hematuria.

With cystitis, there is never a fever or lower back pain.


The ECBU is used to adjust antibiotic treatment in the event of probabilistic treatment failure.


Antibiotic treatment helps prevent complications as well as recurrences and helps shorten the duration of pain and functional discomfort.

Often this is a short course of antibiotics.